ATF Form 1: Top 10 FAQsATF Form 1: Top 10 FAQs

ATF Form 1: Top 10 FAQs

There has been a massive growing demand for National Firearms Act (NFA) items such as short-barreled rifles, short-barreled shotguns, and silencers. Many Americans have decided to build their own NFA firearms using the ATF Form 1.

What is ATF Form 1?

The ATF Form 1 (or Form 5320.1) is the application to make and register an NFA firearm for individuals who are not licensed to manufacture such firearms.

What is an eForm 1?

Similar to the ATF eForm 4, eForm 1 allows for the electronic submission of Form 1 documents, creating a simplified and more efficient application process.

What Does a Form 1 Allow You To Do?

With an approved Form 1 ATF application, you can build your own short-barreled rifle (SBR), short-barreled shotgun (SBS), suppressor, or destructive device.

Does Silencer Shop do Form 1?

Absolutely, Silencer Shop can facilitate eForm 1 submissions for your short-barreled rifle or shotgun application.

How To Fill Out ATF Form 1

Silencer Shop makes filling out an ATF Form 1 simple, we take care of all the complex paperwork for you. Simply create an account on our site, enter your demographic information, snap a selfie and upload it using our smartphone app, and visit a kiosk to submit your fingerprints. If you’ve already submitted a Form 4 through us, your profile is likely already complete!


Please note: Because each Powered by Silencer Shop dealer is independently owned and operated, dealers may charge a fee of up to $40 to use their kiosk.   

Form 1 SBR Guide

With ATF eForm 1, filing for an SBR is easy. You will need to enter a few pieces of information about the firearm you’re applying for, including the original manufacturer, model, serial number, caliber or gauge, barrel length (in its SBR configuration), and overall length (in its SBR configuration). Once your information is input, a member of our compliance team reviews your application packet and checks it for accuracy (Silencer Shop compliance has a 99.5% accuracy rate compared to the industry average of 60%). Upon a successful compliance review your eForm 1 will be prepared for submission. Keep an eye out for an email informing you that your eform1 is ready to certify. Certification can be done at your home on your own computer, just make sure to have your ATF eForm login and PIN ready!  

Form 1 SBR GuideForm 1 SBR Guide

Is There an ATF Form 1 Tax Stamp?

Yes, ATF Form1 requires an NFA tax stamp just like ATF Form 4 submissions. The cost of the tax stamp is $200.  

The ATF has stated that during the 120-day forbearance period in accordance with Rule 2021R-08F, the $200 tax stamp fee will be waived for qualifying submissions.  

Can You Use a Single Shot Trust with Form 1?

Yes! When filling an eForm 1 with Silencer Shop you can take advantage of the simplest trust options on the market, our Single Shot or Single Shot Unlimited trusts. 

Note: For amnesty registrations in accordance with 2021R-08F, registration must be done as an individual, unless the braced weapon was owned by a trust prior to the ruling being published, weapons already on a trust may be registered as a trust.  

How Long Does eForm 1 Approval Take?

As of 1/16/2023, according to the ATF eForm 1 applications usually process within 60 days after certification. This may change due to an increased volume of applications from ATF Rule 2021R-08F.  

What is the Difference Between an ATF Form 1 and Form 4?

ATF Form 1 and Form 4 both allow qualified individuals to possess NFA items, the difference is in how the Items are acquired. ATF Form 1 allows you to build your own NFA Item, while ATF Form 4 allows an already manufactured item such as a Dead Air suppressor or Q Honey Badger SBR to be transferred to you.